Painting fieldstone walls

I’ve been asked to provide some info on how I approach painting the excellent Fieldstone walls by Hirst Arts, here is a quick and easy guide based on my methods.

Step 1.

I use 5% black oxide in my plaster when casting. Thereafter no basecoating is needed. This gives grey stonework.

Step 2.

Mix up an earthy stone-grey colour. I start with beige house paint and add black paint until I get a medium grey. Something akin to GW's graveyard earth should do.

Drybrush lightly over the entire surface of the fieldstone.

Step 3.

Repeat step 2 with a lighter colour, for this I sparingly use the original beige house paint.

Step 4.

Do a second drybrush over some areas that will naturally catch more light, the tops of walls, the corners of walls, buttresses, door and window frames. You are picking out specific features and edges to highlight.

Step 5.

Mix up a watery brown colour, Bestial brown or similar. Don't be a sucker, use cheap craft paint or even better old house paint! With a small brush (e.g. #5/'tank brush') pick out individual stones and paint them brown.

Step 6.

Repeat step 5 with a different colour, e.g. a slate grey.

Step 7.

Repeat again with a different colour, e.g. a yellow/brown sandstone colour.

Step 8. (optional)

Repeat again with a different colour, e.g. a light grey.

Your basic stone work is now finished.

This is only half the work though, to really make a building "POP" it needs weathering, washes, ivy, mould, water stains, moss, dammage etc. This is beyond the scope of this precursory tutuorial

*TIP 1: By using a watered down colour the change will be more subtle and also by running off the high areas you will retain some of the 'highlight' effect caused by the brighter areas that have been drybrushed with beige.

*Tip 2: By applying this colour predominantly to stones that have a similar shape/size you can give a sense that there are different types of rock that are used. For example, when using a slate-grey colour I pick out the long thin stones. I doubt this is noticable, but to me it makes sense and it looks good because I know what I am looking for.

*Tip 3: Don't be regular. When picking out coloured stones don't spread them evenly across the wall, this will look fake. Following tip 2 will help, but remember that when making a wall the mason will exploit whatever source of stone is available, so he or she would use all of the stone in one area before digging deeper to another age/class of rock. Also some structures will be made out of old stone from a previous era. An extension to an older building will look different because of different stone sources, or due to a shorter weathering time.

*Tip 4: Pay attention to key areas. Window lintels, keystones and supports are clever and strategic elements of design that keep buildings standing, by subtly emphasizing these features you can make the model look real in a subtle way.